Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and the Ivory Coast all share the natural resources of the Black Volta river basin. Collaborative water management is therefore crucial to help build and maintain mutual trust. In fact, the resources of the Black Volta basin could meet all of the area’s water needs until at least 2030, and there is much untapped potential (for example, most of the Ghanaian land in the basin is not yet developed for sustainable agriculture).
The Joint Technical Committee formed by this agreement represents an official collaboration on water resource management between Mali and Burkina Faso. It is co-signed by two government ministers each representing their country, adding legal weight to IWRM projects in the cross-border Sourou river basin.
Drawing on the lessons from nearly 50 years of large dam construction in West Africa, we reviewed the literature and consulted stakeholders and governments to better inform the planning of future dams. This research focuses on six large dams in Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal, and is particularly pertinent given that 39 new dams are planned in the coming years across West Africa. We argue that sharing the benefits of large dams is in everyone’s interests, and actually reduces costs, since it avoids expensive long-term disputes.
GWI carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of village borehole management structures in Burkina Faso. We sampled 12 out of 34 project villages. We graded various aspects of the management structures, analysing strengths and weaknesses in depth, and produced a useful table summarising the key points. We conclude with a set of practical recommendations for improving village borehole management in the future.
In terms of drinking water and sanitation, the general law on decentralised government and the law on water management, including all the associated texts, provide the essential framework for public intervention in the field of water. This report analyses the legal texts and describes their key attributes concerning the management of public service water distribution in rural areas and particularly the role of water users. The analysis of stakeholder practice in the field records the weaknesses of current drinking water supply management systems and the need for change.
Boulis/earth pan reservoirs and their surrounding areas can be used for income generation in Burkina Faso. For example, farmers and pastoralists pay an annual fee (in proportion to the size of their herd) to graze their animals around boulis. This document is a draft agreement outlining participatory negotiations for the management of boulis reservoirs, and specifies the role and responsibilities of the Boulis Management Committee (COGEB).
GWI activities in the Sirba basin are described, covering six municipalities in the East and Sahel Regions with 34 intervention villages. Five local water management committees were set up and their intervention area within the Sirba basin determined. Changes were promoted in the organisational relationships and responsibilities of municipalities, the State, the villages and NGOs to sustainably manage water points in Komondjari Province. Access to clean water was improved for 9,000 people in 17 villages (18 new pumps, 11 rehabilitations).
GWI asked experts in IWRM from the 2IE Engineering Institute to visit all four project sites and to evaluate the approach and experience on IWRM that GWI was promoting with local partners. This report analyses the field projects against a set of standard IWRM indicators and identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the GWI programme. This report was an opportunity to confront the GWI approach with the regional IWRM policies promoted by 2IE and to provide a local learning opportunity for all involved, confronting theory with practice on the ground.
This report presents graphs of progress made towards meeting the programme outcomes, showing evolution of regional indicators from 2010-2012 in the results-based monitoring of GWI. Programme outcomes include adoption of good hygiene behaviours; people drink clean water all the time; safe disposal of faeces of young children, and reducing conflicts over water use.
GWI was initially conceived as a ten year programme and IIED, working with IWEL, developed a Monitoring and Evaluation strategy with two components. Firstly a results-based approach to monitoring the delivery of 11 programme outcomes by 2017 using standardised regional data, starting from baselines established in 2009 and 2010. Secondly an internal process of learning, sharing and communicating lessons and experience within project teams across the region, and with other local and national actors.