Foundations for learning and influence, 6-month report
This report documents GWI’s experience of setting up a pilot Local Water Committee in Madaoua, in the sub-basin of the Tarka Valley in Niger. We chose this area because it lies at the heart of the most vulnerable part of the Tarka Valley flood plain. We trained a team of 9 local facilitators, who travelled to many villages to raise awareness of the pilot activities. In this report we provide some key definitions in the Houassa language, which were useful in our action planning workshops in this region.
37,891 inhabitants were displaced when the Kandadji dam was built in Niger. We carried out a study of the legal aspects of such displacement, examining ways for the State to optimise its investment whilst also seeking justice for displaced populations. This study weighs up the various options for managing legal processes within the affected areas of dams.
This briefing from IIEDs 'Reflect and act' series showcases our work to improve development outcomes for people affected by the construction of the Kandadji Dam in Niger. It highlights lessons on policy and practice that can be applied across West Africa as a new wave of dams is designed and built.
GWI Niger saw the 3-year milestone as a key moment to assess the impact of its IWRM programme. This report encompasses 2 practical themes: successes seen so far and improvements needed. As well as clarifying the objectives of IWRM, the author explains the legal and political considerations and covers important geological points. GWI Niger witnessed many positive changes through IWRM, such as improvement in farming practices and increased engagement from local water authorities.
GWI asked experts in IWRM from the 2IE Engineering Institute to visit all four project sites and to evaluate the approach and experience on IWRM that GWI was promoting with local partners. This report analyses the field projects against a set of standard IWRM indicators and identifies the strengths and weaknesses of the GWI programme. This report was an opportunity to confront the GWI approach with the regional IWRM policies promoted by 2IE and to provide a local learning opportunity for all involved, confronting theory with practice on the ground.
This report presents graphs of progress made towards meeting the programme outcomes, showing evolution of regional indicators from 2010-2012 in the results-based monitoring of GWI. Programme outcomes include adoption of good hygiene behaviours; people drink clean water all the time; safe disposal of faeces of young children, and reducing conflicts over water use.
GWI was initially conceived as a ten year programme and IIED, working with IWEL, developed a Monitoring and Evaluation strategy with two components. Firstly a results-based approach to monitoring the delivery of 11 programme outcomes by 2017 using standardised regional data, starting from baselines established in 2009 and 2010. Secondly an internal process of learning, sharing and communicating lessons and experience within project teams across the region, and with other local and national actors.
In 2008 GWI began a sustainable sanitation project in Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Niger and Senegal. We focused primarily on implementing ‘demonstration latrines’ in rural areas, where the culture of open defecation (OD) and non-hygienic disposal of children’s faeces was widespread. However, demonstration latrines (particularly the government promoted Ventilated Improved Pit latrine) proved ineffective in terms of cost, sustainability and replication.