The development of irrigation is one of the priority strategies in the Sahel countries to tackle poverty and food insecurity. At a time when governments are once again committing to increase irrigable areas, it seemed relevant to analyze, in line with the ECOWAS guidelines, the results achieved in large irrigated schemes developed in the 1980s and 1990s to draw lessons for future developments.
In recent years, the governments of the Sahel have committed to combat poverty and food insecurity through a significant increase in the development of irrigable areas. For GWI West Africa, this has presented a timely opportunity to analyse, alongside the relevant ECOWAS guidelines, the socio-economic results achieved on irrigated schemes associated with large dams in the West Africa region.
Farmer organisations and government agencies managing large scale irrigation systems in West Africa need to collaborate to agree on a vision for agricultural services that increases scheme viability while meeting the needs of different types of farmers. However, there is no institutional mechanism in place that enables different groups of actors – with different levels of power – to engage at a strategic level or to negotiate and take forward such a common position.
This factsheet outlines how local smallholders and agricultural advisory service (AAS) providers in the Anambé valley, in Senegal, came together to develop a detailed action plan to improve the availability and quality of AAS.
Large government-managed irrigation schemes in West Africa are expected to meet the ambitious rice production targets of governments and ensure the livelihoods of small scale rice producers. Functioning institutions are a prerequisite for achieving these sometimes conflicting objectives.
This is the report of a workshop held on 8 and 9 June 2015 in Bamako, Mali, to present and discuss the results of a study on securing irrigated land tenure in the six countries within the Permanent Inter-State Committee for the Fight against Drought in the Sahel (CILSS) in the context of the "Dakar Declaration".
Governments need to improve access to seasonal credit if they want a return on investment in large-scale irrigation for rice farming. Large dam-irrigated rice cultivation projects are only justifiable if producers can obtain high yields, but to do this they need to adopt rice varieties with high genetic potential and make intensive use of fertilisers and pesticides. The majority of small producers do not have access to credit to purchase all the inputs required.
This report conducts an ex-post evaluation of the wealth produced by the Niandouba and Confluent dams in Senegal. It provides a financial assessment of the dams for the state and draws lessons for future intervention anbd planning. The report seeks to nurture the wider debate and reflexion on the costs and benefits of large dams in West Africa.
The Global Water Initiative (GWI) in West Africa, is an initiative funded by the Howard G. Buffett Foundation and implemented by IIED with IUCN.
Please not that this document is only available in French.
The Anambé irrigation scheme charter sets out management principles for efficient and sustainable agricultural development. The charter is based on a consensus between river basin users and local authorities. Now the challenge is to put this into practice.
This document, based on a consensus between stakeholders, sets out a roadmap for the development of effective agricultural advice services and the improvement of agricultural productivity in the Anambé basin.
The Global Water Initiative (GWI)'s action-reserarch work in Senegal has shown that agricultural advisory systems are inefficient and ill-adapted to the needs of smallholders. With support from GWI, stakeholders from the basin therefore met at various workshops to discuss how to address this issue and establish an action plan.