Strategic reflection on the contribution of hydropower projects to the sustainable local development of dam-affected areas in Guinea
Hydroelectric developments have long-term impacts on people affected by the projects (PAP), whether displaced or host. Budgets are included in environmental and social management plans and resettlement action plans to mitigate the impacts of these projects on the biophysical and human environments. However, these one-off actions often lack follow-up and sustained funding after the first 2 or 3 years of operation. Sustainable approaches must therefore be considered in order to properly restore the livelihoods of the PAPs in the long term, thus enabling these projects to support local development as well as national development.
After carrying out a first study on the issue in the specific case of the Fomi project (2013), the Ministry of Energy and Hydraulics of Guinea, in partnership with the Global Water Initiative (GWI), initiated this study to analyse the feasibility of setting up a benefit-sharing mechanism at the national level. This approach is in line with the good practices advocated by the International Hydropower Association (IHA) and the ECOWAS Directive on Water Infrastructure Development in West Africa.
The present study focuses specifically on analysing the legal, institutional and financial aspects of the operating procedures of a funding mechanism for initiatives to improve the livelihoods of PAPs and preserve the long-term environmental sustainability of hydroelectric dam basins.
Please note that this study is available in French only.