In Niger, in a context threatening the sustainability of irrigation schemes, securing land tenure helps sustain the investments of the State and the future of farmers. A practical guide, the Guide to securing land tenure in irrigation schemes in Niger, is now available to accompany and facilitate this operation at the national level. This fact sheet details the context and the issues that led to the development of this guide and presents its characteristics and structure.
According to the census conducted by the Directorate of Development and Economic Analysis of the National Office for Irrigation Schemes (ONAHA), there are 85 irrigation schemes in Niger today, covering approximately 16,000 hectares and employing more than 40,000 farmers. Under the "Kandadji" programme for ecosystem regeneration and development in the Niger Valley, an additional 45,000 hectares are expected to be developed by 2030.
A major challenge for rural water supply in Africa is ensuring the operation of water points in a sustainable manner. With a view to helping local governments and communities to ensure sustainable access to water and sanitation, between 2008 and 2012 GWI West Africa developed a series of practical guides to enable beneficiaries and key stakeholders to make informed decisions in relation to the choice of technology and water supply systems that best meets their community's needs.
Between 2007 and 2012 GWI financed rural water supply programmes across eight countries in the East and West Africa regions, including construction of new and/or rehabilitated rural water schemes and establishment of water committees.
This survey was commissioned by GWI three years after the start of the 2008-2012 programme in West Africa with the aim of assessing the sustainability potential of the rural water services supported by GWI during this period and to learn lessons from governance and management systems. It is part of the ongoing learning and evaluation of GWI's work.
Local Water Committees are a key link in the chain of governance of water resources, providing a front line response to resolving any issues arising locally. These community-based committees operate within natural hydrological boundaries of river basins, rather than within artificial administrative or political boundaries. This GWI report documents the lessons we learned from establishing a Local Water Committee in the upper reaches of the Sirba basin in Burkina Faso.
This report documents GWI’s experience of setting up a pilot Local Water Committee in Madaoua, in the sub-basin of the Tarka Valley in Niger. We chose this area because it lies at the heart of the most vulnerable part of the Tarka Valley flood plain. We trained a team of 9 local facilitators, who travelled to many villages to raise awareness of the pilot activities. In this report we provide some key definitions in the Houassa language, which were useful in our action planning workshops in this region.
This GWI document sets out the overarching principles which could make sustainable water resource management in the Malian Sourou basin an achievable reality. The project outlined here requires political engagement at all levels (national, regional and local) in order to attain full water provision in Mali. We recognise the financial, ecological and socio-political challenges, but ultimately highlight the importance of making this project work.