The Global Water Initiative (GWI) was an action-research and advocacy programme that ran from 2008-17. The project is now closed. This site is no longer being updated, but allows access to GWI outputs until 1 October 2020 when it will also close. After that date, information about the project and core GWI technical publications will continue to be available from the IIED website and Publications Library.

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Sharing the benefits

Workshop report on securing agricultural land tenure for communities affected by Fomi dam in Guinea


This workshop report contains the full details of a national workshop on securing agricultural land tenure for communities affected by Fomi dam in Guinea co-hosted by Guinea's ministries of Energy and Water, Agriculture, and Rural and Urban Planning and with the support of GWI West Africa on 4-5 March 2015.

Obtaining the consent of affected groups: the example of Kandadji in Niger


Large scale projects such as dams often involve displacing people. Obtaining the agreement and the collective consent of affected groups to compensation measures, in a written form which has legal authority, is not an easy undertaking. Recent experience with the Kandadji Programme, supported by the Global Water Initiative (GWI), shows how, at relatively low cost: (i) the consent of affected groups can be obtained through a collective process, and how (ii) this agreement can be embodied in a document which, in principle, is legally valid proof of the commitment.

Example of record of community consultation ('procès-verbal') on land tenure for people affected by Kandadji dam


Example of the official (signed) record of the consultation of one of the communities affected by the Kandadji dam on the issue of the expropriation of their traditional land for 'public use' and the drawing up of a 'lease in perpetuity' (with its terms and conditions) which aims to provide the community with 'just and prior' compensation and secure land tenure.

Improving the living conditions of communities affected by dam projects: proposals from West African stakeholders


On 21-23 January 2013, partners from ECOWAS, the Global Water Initiative, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) organised a conference in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.

It was attended by about 50 participants from West Africa representing civil society organisations, river users, state technical services, dam construction and management organisations, basin organisations, researchers, legal experts and regional and international organisations.

Sharing the water, sharing the benefits: Lessons from six large dams in West Africa


Over 150 large dams have been built in West Africa over the last 50 years. Many more are in the planning stages to meet the region’s demands for energy, water and food and their reservoirs will displace many thousands of local people. Success in resettling affected people and in rebuilding their livelihoods has been mixed in the region.

Jamie Skinner

In the face of displacement due to large-scale development projects, can innovative legal solutions be used to protect smallholders' land rights?

Analysis of the legal texts and reforms needed for the management of irrigated land in Niger


The start of the work of the Kandadji Programme, for the construction of the Kandadji dam, has provided the opportunity to analyse and reflect on the legal texts relating to irrigated land in Niger. This has led to strong recommendations for improving the legal framework for the management of public land, particularly irrigated land.

Development of an emphyteutic ('long-term') lease for fair compensation in the context of the Kandadji dam programme in Niger


The Kandadji dam, currently under construction in Niger, will displace 38,000 people. The High Commission for the Development of the Niger Valley (HCAVN), in accordance with national law, is committed to compensating people for the traditionally-owned land that they will lose.

Study for the establishment of a mechanism for sharing the profits from electricity generated by Kandadji dam


This study proposes the creation of a local development fund as a mechanism for sharing the profits from the electricity generated by the Kandadji dam with affected populations, it also provides guidance on the setting up of the fund as well as the changes in Niger's legislation (specifically the Electricity Code) that would have to be made. The fund would be known as the 'Local Investment and Development Fund for the Area Affected by the Kandadji Dam' (FIDEL-K).