This workshop report contains the full details of a national workshop on securing agricultural land tenure for communities affected by Fomi dam in Guinea co-hosted by Guinea's ministries of Energy and Water, Agriculture, and Rural and Urban Planning and with the support of GWI West Africa on 4-5 March 2015.
Sharing the benefits
Large scale projects such as dams often involve displacing people. Obtaining the agreement and the collective consent of affected groups to compensation measures, in a written form which has legal authority, is not an easy undertaking. Recent experience with the Kandadji Programme, supported by the Global Water Initiative (GWI), shows how, at relatively low cost: (i) the consent of affected groups can be obtained through a collective process, and how (ii) this agreement can be embodied in a document which, in principle, is legally valid proof of the commitment.
Example of the official (signed) record of the consultation of one of the communities affected by the Kandadji dam on the issue of the expropriation of their traditional land for 'public use' and the drawing up of a 'lease in perpetuity' (with its terms and conditions) which aims to provide the community with 'just and prior' compensation and secure land tenure.
On 21-23 January 2013, partners from ECOWAS, the Global Water Initiative, the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) organised a conference in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
It was attended by about 50 participants from West Africa representing civil society organisations, river users, state technical services, dam construction and management organisations, basin organisations, researchers, legal experts and regional and international organisations.
Over 150 large dams have been built in West Africa over the last 50 years. Many more are in the planning stages to meet the region’s demands for energy, water and food and their reservoirs will displace many thousands of local people. Success in resettling affected people and in rebuilding their livelihoods has been mixed in the region.
The start of the work of the Kandadji Programme, for the construction of the Kandadji dam, has provided the opportunity to analyse and reflect on the legal texts relating to irrigated land in Niger. This has led to strong recommendations for improving the legal framework for the management of public land, particularly irrigated land.
The Kandadji dam, currently under construction in Niger, will displace 38,000 people. The High Commission for the Development of the Niger Valley (HCAVN), in accordance with national law, is committed to compensating people for the traditionally-owned land that they will lose.
This fact sheet describes how the economic benefits of Kandadji dam in Niger could provide long-term development for local people through a local development fund, the 'FIDEL-K' (Local Investment and Development Fund for the Area Affected by the Kandadji Dam).
This study proposes the creation of a local development fund as a mechanism for sharing the profits from the electricity generated by the Kandadji dam with affected populations, it also provides guidance on the setting up of the fund as well as the changes in Niger's legislation (specifically the Electricity Code) that would have to be made. The fund would be known as the 'Local Investment and Development Fund for the Area Affected by the Kandadji Dam' (FIDEL-K).