More than 150 large dams have been built in West Africa over the last 50 years, and many others are planned. These dams will help meet the region’s water, food and energy demands. But dam reservoirs can displace thousands of people, and those affected do not systematically benefit directly from dams.
We believe that participatory, deliberate and well-informed planning will lead to equitable and sustainable water use and influence government policy. For example, using IWRM best practice we have pioneered a “benefit-sharing” approach to the planning and management of large dams in West Africa.
We have analysed “benefit-sharing” and the degree of compensation given for lost assets at 6 existing dams in Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal, looking carefully at local experience and how the positive impact of large dams can be shared between different stakeholders.
The documents listed below illustrate how the lessons learned from this benefit-sharing approach can help guide decision-making for the future.
More resources are available at: http://www.iucn.org/fr/propos/union/secretariat/bureaux/paco/programmes/prezoh/gwi_dams/